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Rio de Janeiro

Thousands of years ago, the coast of the current state of Rio de Janeiro was inhabited by indians do linguistic trunk macro-jê.


The region was conquered by Tupi-speaking peoples from the Amazon around the year 1000. One of these peoples, the Tamoios, also known as Tupinambás, occupied the region around Guanabara Bay in the 16th century, when the Portuguese arrived in the region.

Guanabara Bay, on the shores of which the city was founded, was discovered by the Portuguese explorer Gaspar de Lemos  on January 1, 1502.

With about 1 200 square kilometers (km²) in area, the municipality extends from a margin western da Guanabara's Bay  until part of Restinga da Marambaia  and occupies islands like Governor e paquetá.


Praias Rio de Janeiro
Beaches in Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro has a savannah tropical climate, bordering um monsoon tropical climate, usually characterized by long periods of heavy rain between December and March. 

In inner city areas, temperatures above 40 °C are common during the summer, although rarely for long periods, while maximum temperatures above 23 °C can occur monthly.

The city experiences hot, humid summers and warm, sunny winters.

Trilhas Rio de Janeiro RJ
Trails in Rio de Janeiro

Tourism provides more than a mere addition to the local economy, since many tourists are attracted by a myriad of cultural and landscape icons - which leads to the creation of several jobs, strengthening the commercial and de_cc781905-5cde-3194 sectors -bb3b-136bad5cf58d_hospitality.

The city is the biggest international tourist destination in Brazil, in Latin America and throughout the Southern Hemisphere, being the best known Brazilian city abroad, which serves as a national "mirror", or "portrait", whether positively or negatively.


It has the epithet of Cidade Maravilhosa and part of the city was designated    as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity, with the name "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscape between the Mountain and the Sea ", on July 1, 2012, becoming a cultural landscape.


Cachoeiras do Rio de Janeiro
Waterfalls in Rio de Janeiro

The city of Rio de Janeiro is one of the most important road hubs in Brazil.

Among the highways and expressways that give access to the city, the BR-116 (also locally called Rodovia Presidente Dutra and Rodovia Rio-Teresópolis), BR-040, BR-101, RJ-071 stand out. (better known as Linha Vermelha) and Avenida Brasil.

Public transport by bus is the most used in Rio de Janeiro.

  there are around 2.5 million users/day on municipal lines alone.

In the city and on intercity trips, bus companies are interconnected to the subway, aiming to transport passengers who disembark on its final lines, but still need a bus to reach their destination.

Ponto Turístico do Rio de Janeiro
Landmark of Rio de Janeiro
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